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Welcome to BARCELONA
an extra service of European City Guide / ECG -

Information about BARCELONA After the Romans arrived in 218 BC they constructed a settlement on what now the Barri G˛tic, but it is unclear who occupied the area around Barcelona before then. Following the departure of the Roman's in the 5th century the city came under various rulers until by the end of the 10th century it was the capital of a principality covering most of modern Catalunya plus Roussillon in France. Spain's two most powerful monarchies united in 1479 with the marriage of Fernando to Isabel of Castilla. By the beginning of the 20th century, various factions were competing in Barcelona, including anarchist and Republican groups. Spain's Second Republic was formed in 1931 after Rivera's fall. Within days, the Catalan nationalists proclaimed Catalunya a republic, although Spanish statehood was quickly accepted under pressure from Madrid. In 1977, two years after Franco's death, the head of Catalunya's government-in-exile arrived in Madrid from Mexico to negotiate the details of Catalunya's autonomy. At the end of September of the same year King Juan Carlos I decreed the re-establishment of the Generalitat and the Spanish constitution of 1978 included autonomy for all the regions in Spain. The big international event to put Barcelona on the map since autonomy was the 1992 Olympics, which saw huge investment in the city and its conversion to modern European city. Barcelona is one of the world's great cities and the Spanish are cheerful, friendly and generally very helpful. Good manners in Barcelona are welcome everywhere and expected by most people. Barcelona is undeniably a major-league cultural and historic city. It is without doubt one of the most exiting cities to visit in the Mediterranean, and with glorious beaches and a history stretching back over 2,000 years, Barcelona deserves to be seen and enjoyed.
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General Information
Capital: Madrid
Area: 505,988 sq km (195,363 sq miles); includes Spanish North Africa km2
Population: 44,708,964
Electricity: 220 or 225 volts AC, 50Hz. Generally, round two-pin plugs and screw-type lamp fittings are in use.
IDD: +372
Emergency number: 091
Timezone: Mainland Spain/Balearics: GMT + 1. The Canary Islands: GMT (+2 Hrs MAR-OCT)

Language: Spanish, Catalan (Catalonia), Galician (Galicia), Basque (Basque Country)

Government: Parliamentary Monarchy

Religion: 96% Roman Catholic

Health: Hepatitis A (sometimes).

Currency: Euro (EUR) 1.00 = 100 Cents

Exchange Rate
Exchange Rate: EUR 1.00 = USD 66.8382 = GBP 66.8382 = CHF 66.2032

Speed Limit
Speed Limit: Cities: 50 km/h, Outside cities: 90 km/h, Motorways: 120 km/h

Traffic: Traffic drives on the right. Minimum age 18 years.

Driving License
Driving License: International or national license with official translation.

National Holidays
National holidays: Jan 1 New Year"s Day, Jan 6 Epiphany, Easter Holidays (variable), May 1 Workers" Day, Jun 24 Saint Juan, Aug 15 Assumption Day, Oct 12 Spain National Day, Nov 1 All Saints" Day, Dec 6 Constitution Day, Dec 8 Immaculate Conception, Dec 25 Christmas Day

Climate: Temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast

A=Aver. Daily Temp. (░C)
P=Precipitation (mm)
S=Sunshine (Hrs/Month)

Mobile Network
Mobile Network: GSM 900/1800/3G 2100

GPS: 40 26 N, 3 42 W

Shopping Hours
Shopping Hours: Mon-Sat: 09.00-13.00 and 16.30-20.00. Most commercial stores and malls stay open from 10.00-22.00


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